Causes and Treatment Options for White Spots on Nails

Leukonychia is a health condition where you have white spots on your toe or fingernails. This is a harmless condition but a treatable one. You may notice white specks across your nails or large white lines across the nail. There are varieties of causes that include damaged plate or infection. In this article, we will discuss the causes and remedies for white spots on nails.

  • Damage During Manicure

Getting the nails done by an unprofessional person may cause damage. If the manicurist treating your nails is not gentle when using the tools, it may cause damage that leads to leukonychia. It is advisable to go to a quality nail salon Vaughan like, to get a manicure from a trained and experienced nail technician. For instance, pulling the cuticles or using the pusher aggressively may damage your nails. In most cases, this repeated trauma on the nails is the leading cause of leukonychia. So, the best remedy here is to seek the services of a trained nail technician when applying or getting rid of enhancements like extensions.

  • Mineral Deficiency

White spots on the nails could also be a sign of mineral deficiency. Your body could be telling you that you lack zinc or calcium. Remember, your nail plate is made of nutrients, and you may notice a deficiency of these minerals through the white spots. In other cases, the spots may be due to minor injuries. If you have low calcium or zinc, you may notice brittle nails, dry skin, memory loss, hair loss, diarrhea, muscle cramps, and decreased appetite. Try eating food rich in zinc and calcium and eggs to treat leukonychia.

  • Fungal Infection

Fungal infection is another common cause of leukonychia. If your cuticles are damaged, and microbes find their way into the skin, you are prone to a fungal infection. The best way to prevent infections is by washing and drying your hands and feet. Make sure you wear one clean pair of socks at a time and wear well-fitting and ventilated shoes. Additionally, always go to a clean nail salon Woodbridge. You may also know you have a fungal infection if your nails are cracking or turning yellow. Get antifungal medications from the nearest clinic and follow the advice above. It will take a few months for the nails to heal.

  • Presence of Heavy Metals

This may be a rare case but is still a cause of white spots on nails. If you have come into contact with heavy metals like arsenic or thallium, you may notice lines on the nails along with fever, headache, confusion, nausea, abdominal pain, and seizures. It is advisable to see a doctor if you are experiencing these symptoms.

  • Certain Medicines

Some medications also damage your nails, causing white spots. If you are going through chemotherapy, you may notice these spots. Other medications include antibiotics, retinoids, certain antifungals, and lithium. These medications may cause brittleness and thinning of the nails.


There are many causes of white spots on your nails, including injuries, and the ones mentioned above. It is a common problem that is either treatable or goes away on its own.

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